Position: Professor of Oceanography (since 1969)
Director, Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program, 1984-2000
Education: B.A. (Biology) University of Delaware, 1965
Ph.D. (Botany-Ecology) University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill,
1970 (under Prof. H. T. Odum)
The ecology of estuaries, bays, lagoons, marshes and other coastal ecosystems. My research is focused on the fundamental processes that determine the primary and secondary productivity of these environments, with particular emphasis on the importance of nutrient enrichment and other forms of anthropogenic impact. The study of this general problem has required the use of comparative and historical field data, autecological rate measurements, numerical simulation modeling, and manipulative ecosystem-level experiments.
Introduction to Oceanography (undergraduate)
Benthic Ecology (graduate) Ecological Systems Analysis (graduate)
Ecological Energetics (graduate) Estuarine Ecology (graduate)
Major Professor for 14 completed Ph.D. Theses and 11 MS Theses
Sea Grant Association (SGA) Distinguished Service Award given to select individuals in recognition of their outstanding ability to further the Sea Grant mission, March 2001
New England Estuarine Research Society award for outstanding contributions to estuarine
research, May 2000
B. H. Ketchum Award for excellence in coastal research from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, September 1992
Recent Professional Activities:
Co-editor-in-Chief, ESTUARIES — the journal of the Estuarine Research Federation (ERF)
Chair, External Review Committee for the Chesapeake Bay Water Quality and Ecosystem Model
National Research Council, Ocean Studies Board
National Research Council, Committee to Review the Florida Keys Carrying Capacity Analysis (Chair)
National Research Council, Committee on the Restoration of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem (Vice Chair)
Technical Review Team, Hillsborough River Minimum Flow Determination, Southwest Florida
Water Management District, 1999
Advisor to the United Kingdom on Eutrophication of U.K. estuaries and the North Sea
Outfall Monitoring Task Force, Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
American Society of Environmental History Estuarine Research Federation (ERF)
Kremer, J. N. and S. W. Nixon. 1978. A Coastal Marine Ecosystem: Simulation and Analysis. Ecological Studies, Vol. 24. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. 210 pp. Translated
into Japanese by Kisaburo Nakata. Published by Seibutu Kenkyusha Publishers, 1987.
Book Chapters (selected)
Nixon, S. W. 1992. Quantifying the relationship between nitrogen input and the productivity of marine ecosystems, pp. 57-83. In: M. Takahashi, K. Nakata, and T. R. Parsons (eds.), Proceedings of Advanced Marine Technology Conference (AMTEC), Vol. 5, Tokyo,
Technical Reports (selected)
Nixon, S. W., H. Ducklow, E. Hofmann, G. Smith, and G. Gross. 1999. Review of the Chesapeake Bay Water Quality Model. Chesapeake Bay Research Consortium, Edgewater, MD.
Nixon, S. W. 1995. Metal inputs to Narragansett Bay A history and assessment of recent conditions. Section I: A history of metal inputs to Narragansett Bay, 109 p. Section II:
Recent metal inputs to Narragansett Bay, 76 p. Rhode Island Sea Grant, Narragansett, RI.
Scientific Journals: (selected)
Nixon, S. W. 1987. Chesapeake Bay nutrient budgets — a reassessment. Biogeochemistry 4:77-90.
Nixon, S. W. 1988. Physical energy inputs and the comparative ecology of lake and marine ecosystems. Limnol. Oceanogr. 33(4, part 2):1005-1025. Translated into Japanese by Masumi Yamamuro and distributed separately by Ocean Research Inst., University of Tokyo.
Nixon, S. W., S. L. Granger, D. I. Taylor, P. W. Johnson, and B. A. Buckley. 1994. Subtidal volume fluxes, nutrient inputs, and the brown tide — an alternate hypothesis. Est. Coast. Shelf Science 39(3):303-312.
Nixon, S. W. 1995. Coastal marine eutrophication: A definition, social causes, and future concerns. Ophelia 41:199-219.
Nixon, S. W., S. L. Granger, and B. L. Nowicki. 1995. An assessment of the annual mass balance of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in Narragansett Bay. Biogeochemistry 31:15-61.
Nixon, S. W. et al. 1996. The fate of nitrogen and phosphorus at the land-sea margin of the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeochemistry 35:141-180.
Nixon, S. W. 1997. Prehistoric nutrient inputs and productivity in Narragansett Bay. Estuaries 20(2):253-261.
Nixon, S. 2001. Some reluctant ruminations on scales (and claws and teeth) in marine mesocosms. In: R. H. Gardner, W. M. Kemp, V. S. Kennedy, and J. E. Petersen (eds.), Scaling Relations in Experimental Ecology. Columbia University Press, NY. In press.